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Posted on August 22, 2009, under Veterinary Drug
Vitamin A 500 000 I.U.
Vitamin D 75 000 I.U.
Benzyl Alcohol 2% v/v;
Ethyl Alcohol 8%
Vitamin E (antioxidant) 5 I.U.
0.75% B.H.T. as preservatives in a base. GET IT NOW
Vitamin A is the most important vitamin in cattle nutrition. It is the only one which normally must be added to cattle diets. It is necessary for bone development, sight, and maintenance of healthy epithelial tissues (i.e. lining of digestive and reproductive tracts). A deficiency can cause an increased susceptibility to disease, night blindness and reproductive failure.Â Vitamin A needs special attention in beef cattle rations. This vitamin is found only in animals. Plants, however, are the natural source of vitamin A activity for animals. Green and yellow plants contain carotene, a pigment which animals convert to vitamin A. The wall of the small intestine is the principal site for conversion of carotene to vitamin A.
Some metabolic functions of vitamin A are not yet known. A chief role is maintenance of epithelial tissue (skin and lining of respiratory, digestive and reproductive tract) in a healthy condition. It also functions in visual purple, a compound in the eye needed for sight when an animal adapts from light to dark. Vitamin A is essential for proper kidney function and normal development of bones, teeth and nerve tissue.
One of the first easily detected signs of vitamin A deficiency in cattle is night blindness. An easy way to check for this condition is to place an obstacle in the pathway of cattle and notice if they stumble over it at twilight. Other early signs are loss of appetite, rough hair coat, dull eyes, slowed gains and reduced feed efficiency. Diarrhea and pneumonia may be the first indicators, especially in young animals.
Vitamin A injected in the muscle is used more efficiently to increase liver stores than that given in the feed. This method is often used to supply vitamin A to new feeder cattle. The intramuscular injection of 500,000 to 6 million IU of vitamin A in cows two months before calving has been used in numerous experiments with range and farm herds. There has been no benefit in many cases in respect to fertility, calving percentage or weaning weights.
Vitamin D is called the sunshine vitamin because ultraviolet light acting on a compound on animal skin changes that compound into vitamin D. Vitamin D is found in sun-cured forages. Animals kept outdoors or fed sun-cured hay do not usually suffer a deficiency, whereas animals kept indoors and fed silage may do so. Animals manufacture their own vitamin D requirements from sunlight and fresh or dry feed. The body also stores sufficient vitamin D to overcome dietary deficiency for several months.
Vitamin D is involved in the uptake to Ca and P, so that a vitamin D deficiency resembles a Ca and P deficiency: rickets in the young animals, weak bones in older animals, and a decreased growth rate. Young, growing animals have a greater requirement for vitamin D than mature animals. Under normal conditions, cattle receive adequate vitamin D from exposure to direct sunlight or from consumption of three to four pounds of sun-cured forages daily. Experiments with calves indicate a requirement of approximately 300 IU of vitamin D per 100 pounds of body weight.
Vitamin D increases the absorption from the digestive tract and metabolic use of calcium and phosphorus. It helps regulate blood calcium levels and the conversion of inorganic to organic phosphorus. Vitamin D aids in the formation of sound bones and teeth. Its specific role in the prevention of rickets in young animals or osteomalacia in mature animals is associated with its involvement in the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus.
Vitamin E and selenium have similar and interrelated functions in the body. Use supplements containing vitamins D and E in addition to vitamin A. They may not always be necessary but cost little to add. Most rations fed to beef cattle in Missouri are adequate in vitamin E. Adding two to five IU of vitamin E per pound to high-grain rations devoid of leafy roughages has increased feedlot cattle performance in a few Corn Belt trials, but not in others. Injecting new feeder cattle with Vitamin E may reduce the incidence and severity of sickness in the starting phase. Vitamin E is contained in green plant material, hay and grain; the concentration in grain decreases during storage.
For intramuscular use. May be repeated in two or three months as needed.
Calves – Â½ to 1 mL
Yearlings – 1 to 2 mL
Adult Cattle – 2 to 4 mL
Lambs – Â¼ to Â½ mL
Growing Lambs – Â½ to 1 mL
Adult Sheep – 1 to 2 mL
Weaning Pigs – Â¼ to Â½ mL
Growing Pigs – Â½ to 1 mL
Adult Swine – 1 to 2 mL.
Store in a dark cool place not above 50Â°F (10Â°C). Keep From Freezing.
100 mL 250 mL and 500 mL vials
article sources: Queensland Gov, Alberta Gov, Missouri Univ.
Posted on September 15, 2010, under Veterinary Equipment
Posted on December 28, 2007, under Misc
INDICATIONS:Advantage stops fleas from biting in 3-5 minutes, kills 98-100 percent of fleas within 12 hours of application, kills re-infesting fleas within two hours and lasts up to a month. Advantage kills fleas before they lay eggs, so their life cycle is broken. A liquid placed in between the shoulder blades of your pet. Free Shipping.
Posted on December 19, 2008, under Misc
It is strong enough to hold a bathrobe or a dog leash, and add a decorative element to every wall. This Veteranarian Wall Hook is hand cast in the USA, made of solid pewter. Encrusted with genuine crystals these hooks add a bit of sophistication and flair to your home or office.
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