Search Result for diagram of dog internal organsSponsored Links
Posted on May 27, 2011, under Veterinary Drug
For use in vitamin B12 deficiency associated with cobalt deficiency in cattle and sheep and for vitamin B12 deficiency associated with inadequate vitamin B12 intake or intestinal malabsorption in swine.
5000 mcg Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin Sterile Solution, each ml contains: Benzyl alcohol 1.5% v/v; Cyanocobalamin 5000 mcg; Water for injection q.s.pH buffered with acetic acid; Sodium chloride 0.8% w/v
Once the rumen becomes functional, bacterial synthesis is considered to supply the normal requirement of cattle for B-vitamins. Cobalt is a part of the vitamin B12 compound and is essential for rumen bacteria to manufacture this vitamin, so the lack of a trace mineral, cobalt, can result in a vitamin B12 deficiency in cattle. Milk is a source of B-vitamins for the calf.
Cobalt is an essential trace element required by ruminants for the synthesis of vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is an essential component of a number of enzymes which are involved in normal metabolism. It is stored in the liver and is necessary in sheep for energy production and vital for wool and body growth.
Vitamin B12 deficiency in sheep can cause a number of clinical signs including decreased growth rates, loss of appetite, weight loss, watery ocular discharge and anemia. Cattle are less susceptible to lack of cobalt than sheep, but when they succumb the clinical picture of a ‘pining’ or ‘wasting’ disease is the same. There is anorexia, loss of body condition, muscular wasting and an anemia that is both normochromic and normocytic. Ruminants rely entirely on their rumen microbes to incorporate cobalt into vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is dependent on the intake of cobalt from pasture and soil. Cobalt deficiency is associated with sandy coastal soil types and higher pH soils.
Dosage and administration: Inject intravenously, intramuscularly or subcutaneously. Dosage may be repeated in weekly intervals if necessary. Cattle and sheep: 0.2 – 0.4 mL; Horses: 0.2 – 0.4 mL to 2/3 mL; Swine: 0.1 – 0.4 mL
Posted on October 31, 2007, under Misc
Plan for the coming weekend. The weekend is a period of calm when family members are usually the most likely to be available. With great care and love all around it, your kitten will soon understand that you are now his teacher and his friend.
Make sure you have a carrying case. It is dangerous to travel with a cat as well as for passengers. A carrying case is essential to the successful completion of the kitten in safety. Put a cover on the back so that it feel comfortable. Remember that the stress of travel can lead to accidents, in order to take a roll of paper towels and bedding. Getting a fairly large briefcase because it will still be useful when your kitten has become an adult cat. A somber affair reassure your kitten and help them feel protected.
Posted on November 17, 2008, under Misc
An excellent book – very comprehensive, organized both by phylogeny of parasitic organisms and by animal host. Includes a great chapter on therapeutics! Lots of great pictures, both of various stages of the parasitic organisms and lesions caused by clinical disease.
"New to the eighth edition is a table of scientific names and the roots from which they were derived. This table, listed on the inside front and back covers for easy access, should make it easier to learn the many scientific names encountered in the book. The book is packed with valuable information for veterinary practitioners engaged in the treatment and prevention of parasitic infections and infestations. The book is a very readable and a useful reference, covering important parasites and diseases encountered in veterinary practice. Just as the title suggests, it presents the essential knowledge base of parasitology for veterinarians."
Posted on November 14, 2008, under Misc
Recently there has been much controversy over annual vaccinations of your pets. Many reports and read dozens of articles on the negative if not deadly effect vaccinations may have on your pet.Many older human and veterinary doctors can recall the devastation of communicable disease, before the advent of vaccinations and antibiotics.
The science of veterinary medicine is advancing by leaps and bounds new discoveries and cures are being developed every day. If you have any questions or concerns about vaccinations ask your veterinarian. They, are your companion animals, primary health care professional. Do not rely on second hand information or articles designed to scare and therefore sell more magazines. It has been proven time and again that annual and biannual visits to your veterinarian can extend the life and improve the quality of life of your pet.
Take your beloved pet to the veterinarian for a routine health check at least yearly, ask them questions about your animals health and vaccination schedule. If there are any changes or new therapies your veterinarian is your best source of information.