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- Give the recommended food or prescribed by your veterinarian
- Do not give candy or table scraps and no vitamin supplement.
- Make sure your cat has clean, fresh water at all times.
- Encourage exercise at every opportunity
- Monitor the cleanliness of the litter box
- Limit overweight
- Ask your veterinarian should be carried out when the next urinalysis.
Posted on June 14, 2011, under Misc
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Posted on October 13, 2011, under Tutorial
The word cystitis means inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis is a disease that affects both male and female, in the cat. Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), also known as FUS (Feline Urinary Syndrome) – syndrome in cat’s urine or FLUTD Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (a disease of lower urinary tract of the cat) is a term most comprehensive of the conditions to the cause inflammation of the lower urinary tract. Cats with are predominantly male with signs similar to those of cystitis. In some cats, the formation of crystals or a mucus plug in the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside) can cause an obstruction to the passage of urine. If not treated early, complete obstruction can severely damage the kidneys and even be fatal.
What are the clinical signs?
The cat urine more often than usual, by issuing a few drops of urine each time. We tend to confuse this behavior with constipation. Many cats will urinate outside their litter. It should not be punished for such behavior. Sometimes, only changes in the cat’s behavior will be recorded such as leakage, agitation, inactivity, or refusal to eat.
If a blockage is formed, preventing the evacuation of urine from the bladder, the signs are growing very rapidly. In 48 hours, most cats die of kidney failure and retention of toxins that should have been eliminated from the kidneys. As the urethra is larger in the female, emergencies by total obstruction, only concern is almost always the male.
Warning: a male cat that cannot urinate needs emergency veterinary care. Indeed, this difficulty urinating can be caused by urinary obstruction!
What is the cause?
The problem has not yet been precisely determined. Inflammatory disease is now suspected as the origin, but some cats are affected by urinary stones or infection (rare in contrast to humans). There are many causes and, therefore, additional tests are performed (urine analysis, ultrasound, radiography).
What are the risk factors?
The presence of certain minerals in high quantities in the diet can increase the likelihood of crystal formation in urine. Magnesium and phosphorus are the basic components of a very common type of crystal (struvite).
Lack of exercise, life inside an insufficient intake of water, but a poorly cleaned litter box may encourage the development of the disease.
Although there is no particular predisposition gender, urinary obstruction almost always occurs in castrated males, due to the formation of plugs.
How is cystitis treated?
Each cat has cystitis is treated according to the changes in his urine pH, crystals, blood, etc..
If there is an obstruction, it is necessary to pass a catheter into the bladder holding the cat under light anesthesia. The catheter is often left in place for 24 hours. The cat may leave the hospital when he has returned to its normal state and that the obstruction is gone, usually 1 to 3 days. If it shows signs of kidney failure or toxemia, should be given intravenous fluids and keep the cat hospital.
Does Cystitis can reappear?
Cats that have had more than one urethral obstruction can treat by a surgery called a perineal urethrostomy. The purpose of this surgery is to excise the most urethral stricture, the site of election of the obstruction. Although this will prevent an obstruction, it happens that some cats suffer from recurrent cystitis, but less severe and fatal without clogging. This surgical procedure is also used when the urethral obstruction is so severe that it becomes impossible to restore the normal flow of urine.
Some prevention tips
Illustration by: HillsPet
Posted on September 28, 2010, under Veterinary Book
Mammals are our closest relatives in the animal kingdom; most are beautiful, and many are highly intelligent and have intricate social systems. They are found in all kinds of habitats; they may have fur, scales, or spines; they move by hopping, swimming, running, or flying. What all mammals share, apart from certain anatomical similarities, is the unique ability to nourish their young with milk from mammary glands.
Many species of mammals are severely threatened by habitat destruction and enc
Posted on September 15, 2010, under Veterinary Book
Brilliantly and abundantly illustrated, this dynamic resource is the most comprehensive, research-based, reader-friendly text on kinesiology. An engaging approach explores the fundamental principles in vivid detail and clarifies the link between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system to help you ensure a clear, confident understanding.
UNIQUE! Clinical Connections boxes in each chapter enhance your understanding and promote practical application.